inventions transformed the textile industry. Transportation was alsoreformed with inventions of the steam engine by James Watt(1765),the building of the 1st railroad track (1821-1825), and alocomotive called the Rocket built by George Stephenson and his son(1829).Besides the postive effects, the Industrial Revolution also had negativeeffects. Because of urbanization, many cities, whose infrastructuresystem could not keep up with the rapid population growth, wereovercrowded with people looking for jobs. England's cities lackeddecent housing, sanitary codes, education, and police protection. Manyworkers of the working class lived in small, dirty shelters wheresickness was widespread. With the introduction of steam, factoryconditons became worse. Machines injured workers. Many factoryowners wanted to get the cheapest labor possible. To do this, factoryowners hired workers, mostly women and children because the werethe cheapest labor, so they could work long hours for low wages. Asthe working class saw little improvements in living and workingconditions, the middle class, made up of skilled workers, professionals,factory owners, and other well do to people, saw improvements in theirlives. The middle class was now able to afford things that the wealthyonly had acess to, such as servants.In the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution created a major gapbetween the rich and the poor. Many reformers felt that thegovernment needed to play an active role to improve the standard of living for the poor. Many ideas and philosophies were created as areaction to the Industrial Revolution. An economic system, calledsocialism, grew during the 1800s as a reaction to the IndustrialRevolution. It called for more state influence, equal rights, and an endto inhumanity, which stood strongly opposite to individualism andlaissez-fairepolitics. Laissez-fairephilosophy (capitalism), which wasfirst started by Adam Smith, suggested that owners of industry andbusiness set working conditons without the government intervening.Other social movements, including communism, a form of completesocialism where all means of production would be owned by the peopleleaving a small number of manufacturers to control wealth, which wasproposed by Karl Marx, and utilitarianism, which judged ideas,institutions, and actions based on their utility and beleived governmentactions should promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people, was introduced by Jeremy Bentham but led by John Stuart Mill. The Industrial Revolution, like the French Revolution, left a permanentmark on society. Life in the 18th century changed dramatically causingclasses to shift, wealth to increase, and nations to begin assuming
Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on the Society Essay
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Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on the Society
Change whether it be positive or negative is unavoidable. Change is the whole reason the Earth is a reality in the first place. If we look at the creation of the world both from a biblical sense, god wanted to create something new, thus we have all of the living creatures on this planet. If we look at the same example from the big bang and evolutional theory we have come to the same conclusion. Should that have been the only transformation of this short living history of this growing and ever changing world? This world has under gone tremendous transformations due to both human and natural factors. Volcanoes erupt, brush fires start, floods, and tornados, these are all factors of…show more content…
The peasant would spend all day from sun up to sun down working. Other like nobles and kings did less real labor. Sure a noble did more than a king but less than common folk. Nobles often intermingled with higher society such as parliament officials and the royalty. With one revolution after another all of that was soon to change.
A small town by the name of Manchester, England would become the first industrialized city between 1780 and 1851. The population grew dramatically, and over half of that population now lived in cities. Changing the percentage from 80% rural, to about 50% rural, and 50% urban. By time of 1850 the revolution was underway. New mines, machines, and new and faster production techniques made iron cheap to produce, and easy work which was became available almost anywhere. Factories and railroads sprang up everywhere.ii Because of this more and families move into cities and worked in factories, therefore putting a lot of small farmers and businessmen out of business.
In less than 100 years, the population of the city of Manchester, England grew from 25,00 to 367,000 by 1850. Both industrialization and urbanization changed the landscape forest shrank because space and wood was needed for construction of factories, cities, railroads, and mines.iii Because of this, the land water was altered. The land was now dead to new life. The factories and cities made