Mmi Examples Interview Essay

MMI Questions

Below is a selection of Multi-Mini Interview, MMI Questions. All MMI interview questions describe the station set up and suggest an approach you might take.

These MMI interview questions and answer guides have been put together by medics who have successfully navigated interviews at top Medical Schools.

Remember, though, that an interview is about an individual, so there are no hard and fast rules. The answer guides are only examples and are not exhaustive. They should be used to stimulate your thinking — not repeated verbatim at your interview.

MMI Interview Questions

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 1

Station set up:

The interviewer is sitting across from you, on the table there is a wrapped up box. You are asked to instruct the interviewer on how to unwrap and open the box, without helping them or using your hands. It’s not straight forward as the examiner will be using no assumed knowledge and will be doing what you tell them only, e.g. ‘lift up that flap’¦ starts lifting up wrong flap, ‘Turn the box around’¦ turns box in wrong direction.

This station is testing your communication skills and your patience.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions?

  • First explain the aim to the interviewer e.g. ‘our aim is to open that box, I am going to give you a set of instructions on how to do so, are you ready?’
  • The key is to very specific with your instructions e.g. ‘use your left hand to lift the left flap up and outwards to the left’.
  • The interviewer will do what you ask but try to not do what is wanted in order to test you. They are role playing and this could get quite frustrating given the time constraints. You must stay calm; be patient and smile.
  • Important aspects to convey are: changing your communication style to adapt (so rewording instructions), patience and perseverance (you can’t just give up)
  • Don’t be disheartened/frustrated if you never get the box opened, that’s not the main point, it’s your approach to the situation that actually matters.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 2

Station set up:

An actor hands you a card, telling you that, in this role play, you are a close friend of theirs. You have been house-sitting whilst ‘your friend’ has been on holiday and you have to explain to them that you broke their favourite ornament. When informed, the actor becomes hysterical and very angry.

This station is testing your communication skills, ability to give bad news, your empathy and willingness to admit to your mistakes.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions?

  • First make small talk to make the other person comfortable (remember in this scenario you are best friends) – hi, how are you?
  • Then prepare them for the news- I’ve got something to tell you that may be quite upsetting.
  • Tell them the bad news, making sure you are apologetic and empathise with them (the actor is going to be quite hysterical at this point, doing anything to make you feel uncomfortable).
  • It’s your job to stay calm. You should ask if there’s anything you can do to remedy the situation e.g. offer to replace it (showing your problem solving skills).

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 3

Station set up:

You are told that this weekend you’re going on a camping trip. Before you is a table of random objects. You have 20 seconds to pick 5 objects you deem to be of the most importance and value, and explain.

This station is testing your ability to make time pressured decisions and be able to defend them, it’s also testing your ability to think practically.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • Go through each item, briefly explaining why you picked it
  • What use is it?
  • What situations would it help you navigate?
  • Is it going to be a hindrance e.g. heavy to carry, or is it conveniently sized?
  • You could explain why you didn’t pick some of the other items on the table

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MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 4

Station set up:

The interviewer asks a question: what ethical principle of medicine would you consider to be most important?

This station is simply testing your knowledge of the various ethical principles and checking that you appreciate their importance when making decisions.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions?

  • Don’t worry there is no most important one, just pick one of the following, describe its meaning and be able to justify your choice:
    • Autonomy- allows patients to make informed decisions about their own treatment.
    • Beneficence- Doctors must do good and act in best interest of their patients and/or society as a whole.
    • Non-maleficence: Doctors should act in ways that do not cause harm to patients.
    • Justice- Fairness across the population, only discriminating based on clinical need.
    • Confidentiality- whilst not strictly an ethical principle, it’s linked to several of them.
  • This list and the explanations are not exhaustive so you need to beef up your explanation, you can look up the principles yourself, there’s a lot of literature to look at.
  • Link whatever principle you choose to your work experience by giving an example of how you saw the principle being demonstrated.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 5

Station Setup:

You are faced with an actor playing a 65 year old man who has just been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. He is coming to his GP for advice on how to cope with his diagnosis as he has heard a lot of stigma over the years about dementia and its burden on both his family and the healthcare service. Whilst talking to you he breaks down into tears.

This station is testing your ability to empathise with patients, knowledge of the problem of an ageing population, communication skills

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • Console the patient in an empathetic way
  • Advise him on latest developments e.g. assistive technology
  • Advise him to joining support groups e.g Alzheimer’s Society
  • Reassure him that there is a lot less stigma about dementia now than in the past

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 6

Station set-up:

You are told that you are entering a hospital staff room 10 prior to performing surgery with Dr ‘X’. As you enter, you see Dr ‘X’ take a swig of a clear drink from a bottle and quickly close their locker, which you suspect is alcohol. Over the course of the conversation, the Dr beings to forget things and slur their words.

You have 5 minutes to speak to Dr ‘X’.

This station is primarily testing your ability to make value judgments regarding patient safety

One of the big attributes being tested in this station is the ability to approach emotive situations sensitively and sympathetically.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions?

  • In this situation, you’ve found a co-worker in a potentially volatile situation; it’s important to approach the situation with humility and without judging your colleague.
  • Initially try and make the surgeon feel comfortable, potentially make ‘small talk’ about the surgery; first and foremost, they are a friend and a colleague.
  • Try to get to the bottom of what you’ve just seen – ask questions which may prompt the surgeon to offer up information voluntarily
  • Direct, accusative questions early into the discussion may make Dr ‘X’ feel judged and may be very detrimental to the relationship between you two
  • However, if you are still worried about them, more ‘probing’ questions may be necessary – ‘I saw you put something into your locker quickly as I entered, do you mind if I ask is everything alright?’. You are
  • as in specifically work and home life?
  • Despite your relationship with the surgeon, you must also consider the safety of the patient and whether it’s appropriate to let Dr. ‘X’ perform surgery on them.
  • Come to an appropriate compromise whereby the surgeon takes the afternoon off and offer a more private chat the next day to discuss further.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 7

Station Setup:

On the table there is a diagram which shows the layout of a building. The interviewer asks you to give them directions to get from the entrance of the building to Room A. After you have given your answer, the interviewer asks why you think you are being asked this question.

This station is testing your communication skills and ability to interpret an image.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • Take a look at the diagram. Before you begin your explanation, orientate yourself and locate your starting point and destination. Check whether there is some kind of key that could help you to interpret the image.
  • When giving the examiner directions, split your explanation of the route into steps to help make it clearer and to keep yourself on track. Use words such as first, next, then, etc.
  • Although MMI questions may seem random, they are intended to test you on skills that you would need as a medical student or doctor. The examiner may ask you why you think you are being asked a question to see whether you can identify these skills and why they are relevant to medicine:
    • This question is testing your ability to communicate and give a clear explanation. These skills are clearly important in medicine; for example, doctors must be able to give patients clear instructions when they prescribe them a medication.
    • This question also tests your ability to interpret an image. This skill is important in medicine as doctors are required to interpret images such as x-rays or CTs, for example.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 8

Station Setup:

An actor hands you a card which states that you are playing the role of a GP and they are a 16-year-old girl who has come to ask for information about getting tested for STIs but is worried about her parents finding out.

This station is testing your ability to communicate and show empathy as well as your understanding of doctor-patient confidentiality.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • As you are playing the role of the GP, it is up to you to lead the role play. Begin by introducing yourself. Ask the patient their name and how they are before moving on to why they are there.
  • Ask questions that you think are relevant to the scenario such as: “Are you sexually active?”, “Have you been tested for STIs before?”, “Have you had unprotected sex?”, and “Have you been experiencing any symptoms?”
  • Respond appropriately any time the patient expresses a concern. As this scenario involves a young person, this could be their first time getting tested and they might be nervous about it or they might be scared if they suspect that they have contracted an STI. It is important to demonstrate empathy and to attempt to reassure them.
  • When the patient mentions that they are worried about their parents finding out about them seeking advice on this subject, explain that everything you have discussed will remain confidential. You should be aware of the principle of doctor-patient confidentiality and how it applies in a situation like this.
  • Conclude the role play by asking the patient if they have any further questions and then thanking them for their visit. This gives the actor an opportunity to prompt you if you have missed out anything important.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 9

Station Setup:

On the table there is a graph which shows the plasma insulin levels of several patients over the course of one day with the times that meals were consumed indicated. The interviewer asks you to describe the graph for Patient 1. You are then asked to provide an explanation for the changes in insulin levels at different times of the day.

This station is testing your ability to interpret a graph and your scientific knowledge.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • Familiarise yourself with the graph before you give your answer. Look at the axes and the key/legend to make sure that you understand the data being presented and also to ensure that you are looking at the data for the correct patient.
  • Describe the data for Patient 1 and point out any trends that you notice. Use the same language as you would when describing a graph for a lab report.
  • This question requires you to use some basic knowledge of human physiology which should have been covered in your biology course (for those who take Biology). For a normal patient, this graph would usually show increases in plasma insulin following meals and you should explain why this is the case using this prior knowledge. There may be follow-up questions at a station like this to further test your scientific knowledge or the interviewer may prompt you if you miss out something important in your explanation.
  • It is important to keep on top of content for the science courses that you take in case a question like this comes up at interview.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 10

Station Setup:

An actor hands you a card which states that you are playing the role of a surgeon and they are a patient on whom you recently performed a hip replacement. You must inform them that some nerve damage occurred during surgery which means that they may not regain full use of their leg.

This station is testing your communication skills and ability to show empathy.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • This scenario involves breaking bad news to a patient so it is extremely important to demonstrate empathy throughout.
  • Prepare the patient for what you are about to tell them. Say something along the lines of “This may be difficult to hear, but…” so that the now they are about to receive some bad news.
  • Explain the complication that occurred during surgery in terms that the patient will understand; this means avoiding medical jargon such as ‘nerve lesion’.
  • As hearing this news would be extremely difficult for any patient, be prepared for them to become emotional or angry. It is important that you respond with empathy.
  • Express your apologies and try to reassure the patient that they will receive the support they need. You may want to provide some examples of the care they would be entitled to such as physiotherapy.
  • Ask the patient whether they have any questions for you. This is good practice and will also give the actor a chance to prompt you if you have missed anything out.

MMI Interview Questions: MMI Question 11

Station Setup:

The interviewer tells you that you have 4 minutes to explain the process/purpose of vaccination to them, speaking as you would to any competent adult. When you have finished, they give you another 4 minutes to explain the same thing as if you were speaking to a young child who is about to be vaccinated. This time, you may use a whiteboard and marker to support your explanation if you choose.

This station is testing your communication skills.

How can I approach one of these MMI interview questions? 

  • For this station, it is important to demonstrate good communication and to show that you understand when and how to adapt your communication to suit different types of people.
  • When giving your first explanation, it is important to remember that you are speaking to an adult but not necessarily to someone in the medical field. You should therefore avoid medical jargon such as ‘herd immunity’.
  • You have not been given that much time to speak and are therefore not expected to give an in depth explanation of the science behind vaccination. Simply explain how a doctor/nurse would administer an injectable vaccine and how this is intended to protect the patient by preventing them from becoming ill with the disease that the vaccine targets.
  • When giving your second explanation, not only should you avoid medical jargon but you should avoid vocabulary that a typical adult would understand but that a child might not know. This could include terms such as ‘syringe’ or ‘injection’.
  • If you choose, use the whiteboard to enhance your explanation. For example, you might want to draw the syringe going into patients arm and then another picture of an arm with a plaster where the needle went in. However, do not use the whiteboard just for the sake of it and only draw to accompany the parts of the explanation where it will be effective. Remember to keep good eye contact even if you are drawing for part of the time.

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MMI Courses Interview Courses

MMI Interviews

A Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) is a type of interview used by an increasing number of medical schools. Since it is a fairly new format, it can catch a lot of students off guard, as well as posing a challenge for teachers who are unsure how to prepare their pupils.

Instead of sitting opposite a panel of interviewers, you’ll be taking part in a series of exchanges that test your ability to make ethical judgements and solve problems.

This page answers the following questions about MMI Interviews:

  • What is an MMI Interview?
  • Which schools use MMIs?
  • What kind of stations can I expect at my MMI Interview?
  • What do admission staff look for during MMI Interviews?
  • How can I prepare for MMI Interviews?
  • How can I stand out at my MMI Interview?
  • Can you give some scenario examples for MMI Interviews?

Applying to Medicine for 2018 entry? Book a space on our newly announced MMI Circuits!

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What Is An MMI Interview?

MMI interviews consist of several short practical assessments, usually less than 10 minutes each. You’ll be presented with a scenario before each mini interview, so you will have a bit of time to prepare an answer.

Then you’ll either be asked a question by an interviewer, or have to engage in a role-play scenario with an actor whilst an interviewer watches.

Here are the key things you need to know about MMIs:

  • MMI interviews will probably take about 2 hours
  • Each mini interview will usually take no longer than 10 minutes
  • Most universities will have around 10 MMI  ‘stations’

Which Schools Use MMIs?

There are a range of medical schools that use the MMI – you can see these below, as well as information on which stations each school has used in previous years.

Medical SchoolWhat have the stations involved in previous years?
AberdeenProblem solving; insight into careers in medicine; work experience.
BirminghamData interpretation (calculation and patient scenario); motivation and insight into medicine; dealing with personal and ethical challenges; interactive task; debate task; ethics.
Brighton and SussexEthical scenarios; NHS hot topics; insight into health of the local area; teamwork; personal attributes.
BristolTeamwork; roleplay; why Medicine?; why Bristol?; calculation; ethics; interpretation of an image.
CardiffTeamwork; empathy; ethical scenarios.
ExeterCommunication skills, reflectiveness and empathy required to become successful doctor; role-play.
Hull YorkTeamwork (your ability to contribute relevant information to group discussion and how effectively you articulate your own thoughts in a group setting); insight into a medical career; understanding of the values in the NHS constitution; motivation for a medical career; your awareness and understanding of current medical issues; your communication skills; your understanding of and motivation for the Hull York Medical School MBBS course; your personal qualities such as empathy, tolerance of ambiguity and resilience; your ability to think critically.
KeeleCaring nature; communication skills; empathy and insight; ethical awareness; responsibility; motivation and awareness of the challenges of being a doctor; resilience.
King's College LondonCommunication skills; personality-based attributes (for example, kindness, compassion and empathy, respect for the individual, privacy and dignity, advocacy, decision-making, team working and integrity); ability to evaluate scientific information; topical medical issues; ethical scenarios.
LancasterWork experience; suitability for medicine; motivation for medicine; teamwork; suitability for problem-based learning curriculum; tasks such as reading a short paragraph or watching a short video clip, taking notes and discussing.
LeedsEthical scenarios; self-evaluation; communication skills; problem solving; role play; discussion of information on UCAS form.
LeicesterVerbal communication; written communication; listening; compassion, respect and dignity; emotional intelligence; problem solving; motivation; ethical judgement.
LiverpoolKnowledge of modern medical practise, medical ethics, teamwork; numeracy; communication skills.
ManchesterCommunication; motivation for medicine; work experience; contemporary aspects of medicine and NHS hot topics; ethical scenarios.
NewcastlePreparation and motivation for medical school; effective learning skills; team working; personal qualities and resilience; interpersonal and communication skills; empathy, sensitivity and integrity.
Norwich (UEA)Decision making; teamwork; personal attributes (a caring and supportive attitude, an empathetic and caring approach); insight into Medicine as a career and personal suitability for the profession; honesty, integrity, and personal effectiveness.
NottinghamEthical scenarios; work experience; role play.
Queen's BelfastEmpathy; problem-solving; moral reasoning; communication skills.
SheffieldCommunication skills; depth and breadth of interests (achievements in specific fields); evidence of commitment for caring; knowledge of and interest in study in Sheffield; medical work experience/Extended Project Qualification; motivation for medicine; understanding the nature of medicine; values and attitudes; outside interests.
St AndrewsKnowledge of medicine as a career, appreciating the realities of working in a caring profession; communication and interpersonal skills; role play; ethical scenarios.
St George'sAcademic ability and intellect; empathy; initiative and resilience; communication skills; organisation and problem solving; teamwork; insight and integrity; effective learning style.
WarwickTeam working; insight; resilience; communication; empathy; respect and dignity.
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What Kind Of Stations Can I Expect At My MMI Interview?

MMI interviews could take a variety of forms. It varies from school to school – and you can see some guidance on this in the table above. You might face some of the following:

  • You will be presented with a set of instructions that describe a situation involving an ethical scenario, which you will then be asked to discuss or try and solve
  • You will be given a scenario involving an actor — for example, you might have to break some bad news to them or gather specific information
  • You may be given a task involving teamwork with other applicants
  • There might be a station where you are asked a traditional interview question or given a reading comprehension exercise
  • You are given a sheet of data and asked to provide analysis of it (you may find it useful to read our blog on MMI Stations: Calculation and Data Interpretation to prepare for these stations)

What Do Admission Staff Look For During MMI Interviews?

MMI interviews are about showing your interviewer what you’re capable of doing, rather than just telling them.

Interviewers want to know that you’ve got what it takes to be a medical practitioner — not just the grades and know-how, but the right attitude and skills as well.

They will be testing your ability to make ethical and informed decisions, as well as your critical thinking and communication skills. They will also be interested in your knowledge of current healthcare and social issues – our new NHS Hot Topics 2017 page details a handful of key medical news stories from this year, including Brexit’s impact on healthcare and the Charlie Gard case.

If you’ve got this far, it’s likely that you already possess these qualities and will make a great doctor one day. The trick is to try and develop your ability to formulate logical, well thought-out responses within a short time frame.

How Can I Prepare For My MMI Interview?

MMI interviews can be daunting, especially for students who are used to working hard for exams and traditional interviews.

The right kind of preparation will make all the difference. We’ve put together a list of things you can do to make sure that you shine at your interview:

  1. Know what to expect. Find out everything you can about the MMI process at the medical school at which you are interviewing.
  1. Use your work experience. Lean on the experience logged in your personal portfolio and use specific examples when giving a response.
  1. Make sure you understand key ethical concepts relating to medicine, like the 4 pillars and patient confidentiality.
  1. Know what it takes to be a good doctor. Make a list of qualities and practice demonstrating them in your responses.
  1. Keep up to date with medical news, and check out our NHS Hot Topics 2017 page. Questions may be inspired by stories or debates in the media.
  1. Practice giving 8-minute presentations in response to common MMI questions. This will help with time management on the day.
  1. Book an MMI Course. Though you can rehearse certain scenarios, MMI interviews are a lot harder to practice at school or at home, so it’s worth attending our MMI course.
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How Can I Stand Out At My MMI Interview?

As well as being well prepared, bear in mind these tips on how to approach your MMI on the day:


  • Be confident. You’ve got every reason to be!
  • Be sensitive and compassionate. MMIs are designed to test your communication skills.
  • Listen carefully to the question. Your interviewer will often provide cues or prompts designed to direct you, and give you key bits of information.
  • Ask if you need clarification, rather than trying to answer a question you haven’t fully understood.


  • Second-guess the answer. There are often no right answers – it’s your explanation that they’re interested in.
  • Be tempted to prepare answers in advance. It’s much better to carefully think through the question or scenario you’re presented with.

Can You Give Some Example MMI Interview Scenarios?

Of course! Here are some to get you started:

Station 1: An actor plays the role of your elderly neighbour. You have just accidentally run over your neighbour’s cat whilst reversing your car. You have 5 minutes to break the bad news to her.

This role-play tests insight, integrity, communication skills and empathy.

Station 2: You are given details of 15 individuals, including their age, sex and occupation. A nuclear attack is imminent and you are only allowed to save 5 of them from destruction. Which ones and why?

A prioritisation exercise. The emphasis is on problem solving and rational thinking under pressure.

Station 3: Without using your hands, explain how to tie shoe laces.

Tests verbal communication skills, the ability to break down the task into a series of small steps and your ability to check that the interlocutor is understanding what you are saying.

Want more examples? Check out our MMI questions and answer guides on our Interview Question Bank!

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